5G is the fifth-generation wireless network that brings a new network capable of connecting everyone and everything worldwide. Devices such as mobile gadgets will be connected to machines, objects, and other infrastructure. Notable characteristics of 5G are superfast speeds, low latency, larger network capacity, increased availability, and better reliability. According to recent research, the 5G technology will bring together internet services that will benefit users globally.5G can cater to multiband use cases. Lux Research conducted this research, also stated that satellites cater to the Internet of Things(IoT) services making them worthwhile.5G uses mm Waves, which have a short range.6G will improve on this, with its larger mmWave. However,6G has limited uses in remote communication.

Lux Research, a New York-based research and advisory firm, published a report dubbed ‘Innovating Remote Connectivity’, where the analysts provide details on how these new networks will affect technologies. “The trade-offs between 4G cellular, LPWAN (low power wide area network), and satellite have long been known. LPWAN low bandwidth is well suited for remote device monitoring, while satellites’ long-range make it suitable for environmental monitoring,” stated Michael Sullivan, lead analyst at Lux Research. Other types of transmission technologies reduce over long distances, making data usage and processing ineffective. This makes the 4G/5G network, LPWAN, and satellite connections the most appropriate and best suited for remote connectivity. Remote connectivity solutions rely on how data is transmitted as well as the location where this data is processed.

In edge computing, the closer to the data source the nodes are, the less the latency. Thus, locally processed data experiences less traffic when being sent to remote data centers or cloud platforms. This translates to lower costs on power usage. Edge computing reduces bandwidth, which is suitable for companies as it economically gives reliable results. According to Lux, different industries require different connectivity options. Companies have to choose the one that suits them best. For instance, 5G is best suited for remote manufacturing. Predictive maintenance and remote control of robots and machines will operate efficiently using the 5G network. For monitoring their energy- consumption, they will use LPWAN.

Mining and construction companies have a pool of options to choose from. For monitoring site equipment, they should consider LPWAN. Satellite network is best suited for site inspection, while 5G works best for operating the automated machines. Oil and gas production companies can also combine LPWAN, 5G, and satellite networks in their operations. For monitoring of surface equipment, LPWAN would perform perfectly. Well, and production data need 5G hybrid to analyze. Onshore and offshore drilling and monitoring require a satellite network connection. For supply chain companies, a combination of the three networks works perfectly. Warehouse and logistics evaluation could use LPWAN, while the 5G technology is used for real-time tracking and tracing. The satellite internet could also be perfect for tracking and tracing. A combination of LPWAN and satellite is best suited for cold chain monitoring solutions.


By Adam