In case the mega-constellations of satellites will be real, we will not clearly see the stars at night. What people will be seeing in the sky during the night are moving lights. As of now, SpaceX is seeking the approval of 30,000 Starlink satellites, and it already has the approval of 12,000 satellites. Other companies are not left behind, either. 

The active satellites in orbit are 3000, which means that the number of active satellites would be increased ten times by the Starlink mega-constellation. The Starlink satellites are brighter than the current active satellites by 99% since they are in the lower orbits, which are near the Earth’s surface. Also, these satellites are more reflective than what the Starlink engineers had said. 

After every few weeks, SpaceX is launching over 60 satellites, meaning that there will be so many Starlink satellites in orbit by the end of this year. When you observe the stars from a dark place with your naked eyes, you can see approximately 4500 stars. Stargazing from a suburban place, you will see around 400 stars. Simulations find that from 52-degree north, people will see Starlink satellites before sunrise and after sunset. Also, during the months of summer, many of these satellites will be visible at night. 

The satellites will lead to a star-obscuring scenario worldwide, especially in many parts of Europe, Canada, and the northern U.S. States. Right now, Amazon and SpaceX are engaging in conversations with professional astronomers on how to mitigate the impacts of these brighter satellites. 

According to the simulations, the brighter mega-constellations will greatly affect amateur astrophotography and professional astronomy. There is a likelihood that the Starlink satellites would destroy the hazardous near-Earth asteroids, making them lose their targets.  This will make the Earth to be exposed to world-altering effects. The main purpose of the Starlink satellites is to offer world internet access. Many companies are producing mega-constellations, and many others are at work. 

So far, there are no rules to control satellite orbits, and in case a collision occurs, it’s not clear who would be reliable and who would clean up the junk. The international law that was imposed in 1972 concerning satellite debris says that the nation responsible for satellite launch should clean up the mess on the Earth’s surface after crashing. 

Today, the majority of private companies are the ones who launch these satellites and not the government. As a result, satellite debris is being left in orbit since no rules on the clean-up. There is a lot of space junk in orbit, ranging from small bolts to bus-sized dead spacecraft. 

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